With Norton's adaptive learning tool, his InQuizitive, students master core concepts and learn more about how to apply his five principles of the text's signature politics to understand American politics. increase.
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Theodore J. Lowi was a John L. Senior Professor at Cornell University's American Institute. He was elected president of the American Political Science Association in his 1990 and has been cited as the field's most important political scientist of the 1970s.
Benjamin Ginsburg is the David Bernstein Professor of Political Science, Director of the Washington Center for American Government Studies, and Chair of the Center for Advanced Government Studies at Johns Hopkins University. He is the author or co-author of 20 of his books. Before joining Hopkins University in 1992, Ginsburg was a professor of political science at Cornell University. His latest book is Fall of Teachers. The research published by Ginsberg focuses on political development, presidential politics, political participation and funding.
Kenneth A. Shepsle is a George D. Markham Professor of Government and a Founding Fellow of the Institute for Quantitative Social Sciences at Harvard University. He is the author or co-author of several books involving politics in multiple societies. He has been a member of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 1990, and has received grants from the Hoover Institution, the John Simon Guggenheim Memorial Foundation, and the Center for Advanced Studies in Behavioral Sciences. Shepsle's research focuses on formal political theory, parliamentary politics, public policy, and political economy.
Stephen Ansolabehere is a professor of political science at Harvard University. He has received grants from the Carnegie Corporation Fellowship and the Hoover Institution. He was co-director of his CalTech/MIT Voting Project, founded after the 2000 presidential election, assessing the current state of reliability and consistency in the US voting system and developing consistency for reliable voting and performance. proposed guidelines and requirements. Ansolabehere's research focuses on public opinion, elections, mass media and representation.
The United States is a representative democracy. Citizens play a very important role in government because they form the government and its policies. Americans vote in free elections and elect officials who will represent their views. Voters can then turn to these officials to express opinions, request information, or get help on specific issues.
The government of the United States is based on several important values: liberty, opportunity, equality, and justice.
People who live in the United States come from all walks of life, cultures, and religions. Therefore, the laws are arranged so that citizens of different backgrounds and beliefs have the same rights, which the government protects.
The original 13 colonies lived under British rule. Therefore, in their new government, the Americans wanted to prevent the concentration of power in the hands of one government official. The Constitution created three branches of the federal government with separate responsibilities so that power would be balanced and no one branch of government could dominate the others. This is called a system of checks and balances.
The three branches of the federal government are:
Congress is made up of the House of Representatives and the Senate.
People in each state vote to elect members to the House of Representatives.
The number of representatives from each state depends on how many people live in that state. The House has a total of 435 members, each of whom serves for two years and then can be re-elected an unlimited number of times. The House of Representatives passes federal laws applicable throughout the United States.
There are 100 senators in the Senate. The people of each state vote for two senators to represent them in Congress. Senators serve six years and then can be re-elected once. Their main job is to make laws. Beyond that, there are additional responsibilities. For example, only the Senate can approve agreements the president makes with other countries and individuals the president chooses to serve at a high level. Only the Senate can try a public official who has been impeached.
In the United States, anyone can contact their elected representative and senators by visiting the official website, calling, or writing a letter.
The president is the head of the executive branch and is responsible for enforcing the laws of the country.
The president also sets national policy, proposes laws for Congress, and selects high ranking officials and members of the Supreme Court. He is also the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. People vote in elections for president and vice president every four years. The president can only serve two four-year terms.
The Supreme Court is the highest court in the United States. There are nine justices on the Supreme Court who are chosen by the President. The Supreme Court can overturn a decision at both the state and federal level if it is unconstitutional. There are other federal courts, such as the U.S. District Courts and the Circuit Courts of Appeals.
Each state has its own governing body and three branches of government: legislative, executive, and judicial.
The head of the state's executive branch is called the governor and is elected by the people, as are representatives to the state legislature. The state legislature passes laws that apply in a particular state and cannot conflict with the U.S. Constitution.
Each state also has local governments at the city or county level. They provide and control many services in the local community, such as public schools, libraries, police, fire departments, and water, gas, and electric services. Most local government officials are elected, but some are appointed.
Many local government meetings are open to the public and are held in the evening so that anyone can attend.